The Revenant, based in part on the novel by Michael Punke: actor (Leonardo DiCaprio), director (Alejandro González Iñárritu) and cinematography (Emmanuel Lubezki)
Room, based on Emma Donoghue's novel: actress (Brie Larson)
The Big Short, based on the book by Michael Lewis: adapted screenplay (Charles Randolph & Adam McKay)
The Danish Girl, based on David Ebershoff's novel: supporting actress (Alicia Vikander)
Book-to-film adaptations that earned nominations but did not win Oscars included The Martian, adapted from Andy Weir's novel; Carol, based on Patricia Highsmith's novel The Price of Salt; Brooklyn, adapted from the novel by Colm Toibin; Steve Jobs, based on the book by Walter Isaacson; 45 Years, adapted from the short story "In Another Country" by David Constantine: and Trumbo, based on Bruce Cook's book Trumbo: A Biography of the Oscar-Winning Screenwriter Who Broke the Hollywood Blacklist.